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1737 → 1754
In 1737, the French king Louis XV obtained the installation on the throne of Lorraine, for the rest of his life, of his father-in-law, the former king of Poland Stanislas Leszczynski. The latter, at his death, was to allow the duchy to officially integrate the kingdom of France. This deadline did not occur until 1766. However, in the secret convention of Meudon (1736), France reserved the right to rebuild the strongholds abandoned earlier, including Bitche. The Count of Bombelles, military governor of the Three Bishoprics, was ordered to rebuild the citadel. Vauban's plans were taken up again but modernized by the military engineer Cormontaigne. Work began in 1741 and lasted until 1754.